AMINES

AMINES are natural food chemicals that are formed by the breakdown of proteins in the body.

They can affect mental functioning, blood pressure, body temperature and other bodily processes. Symptoms can be migraines, eczema, hives, irritable bowel and depression.

Foods high in amines include cheese, wine, chocolate, fermented and aged, over cooked and processed meats – see table below for more information.

Amines also increase in ripening fruits that soften eg banana and avocado.

Roasting, grilling, BBQing and frying will increase amine levels.

The following table is a generic guide only.

VERY HIGH AMINE CONTENT

FRUIT

VEGETABLES

LEGUMES, NUTS & SEEDS

MEAT & FISH

DAIRY & SOY

 

Sauerkraut

Spinach

Walnuts

Anchovies

Beef Liver

Tinned Tuna, Salmon

Corned Beef

Dried, pickled, salted or smoked fish or meat

Fish roe

Offal

Pate

Processed fish products (fish fingers/cakes)

Processed meats (pies, ham, salami, sausage)

All Cheeses

Miso

Tempeh

GRAINS

SWEETS & SWEETENERS

FATS & OILS

CONDITIMENTS, SAUCES, SEASONINGS & SNACKS

BEVERAGES

 

Dark Chocolate

Fruit flavoured sweets and ices

Lemon Butter

 

All sauces (including Tomato sauce & paste)

Curry paste

Gravies

Marmite

Bovril

Hydrolysed Vegetable Protein (MSG) - link

Miso

Stock Cubes & powder

Lemon Butter

Cheese flavoured snacks

Chocolate drinks

Cocoa

Soft drinks & Cola

Fruit wines

Vegetable & tomato juices

Orange juice

ALL Wines

 

HIGH AMINE CONTENT

FRUIT

VEGETABLES

LEGUMES, NUTS & SEEDS

MEAT & FISH

DAIRY & SOY

Avocado

Banana

Fig

Grapes

Lemon

Lime

Manadrin

Tangerine

Orange

Pineapple

Plum

Raspberry

Eggplant

Mushroom

Tomato

Cashews, roasted

Coconut

Hazelnuts

Peanuts

Pecan

Aged Meats

Bacon

Tinned Sardines

Frozen Fish

Gravy

Ham

Pork

Cheese, mild

GRAINS

SWEETS & SWEETENERS

FATS & OILS

CONDITIMENTS, SAUCES, SEASONINGS & SNACKS

BEVERAGES

 

Cocoa

Milk Chocolate

White Chocolate

Coconut Oil

Copha

Olive Oil

Walnut Oil

Meat Extracts

Fish Extracts

Soy & Tamari

Vegemite

Worstershire sauce

Vinegar

Beer

Brandy

Champagne

Liqueurs

MODERATE AMINE CONTENT

FRUIT

VEGETABLES

LEGUMES, NUTS & SEEDS

MEAT & FISH

DAIRY & SOY

Dates

Kiwifruit

Passionfruit

Pawpaw

Broccoli

Cauliflower

Dill Pickle

Olives

Brazil Nut

Sesame Seed

Sunflower Seed

All Meats, Poultry & Fish older than 2 days

Chicken & Turkey with skin on

Chicken Liver

Frozen Meat/Poultry Tinned Fish

Tuna - Fresh

 

GRAINS

SWEETS & SWEETENERS

FATS & OILS

CONDITIMENTS, SAUCES, SEASONINGS & SNACKS

BEVERAGES

 

 

Sesame Oil

 

Ale

Sake

Stout

LOW AMINE CONTENT

FRUIT

VEGETABLES

LEGUMES, NUTS & SEEDS

MEAT & FISH

DAIRY & SOY

Blackcurrant

Redcurrant

Cherry

Grapefruit

Honeydew

Rockmelon

 

 

Almonds

Beechnut

Cashew (raw)

Macadamia

Pinenut

Pistachio

Poppy seed

Eggs

Beef

Chicken & Turkey with no skin

Fish (fresh, white)

Lamb

Rabbit

Veal

 

GRAINS

SWEETS & SWEETENERS

FATS & OILS

CONDITIMENTS, SAUCES, SEASONINGS & SNACKS

BEVERAGES

Wheat

Rolled Oats

Arrowroot

Barley

Buckwheat

Corn

Rye

Sago

 

Malt

Canola

Ghee

Margarine

Safflower

Sunflower

Soy

Saffron

Sea Salt

Vanilla

 

NEGLIBLE AMINE CONTENT

FRUIT

VEGETABLES

LEGUMES, NUTS & SEEDS

MEAT & FISH

DAIRY & SOY

Apple

Apricot

Peach

Pear (ripe, peeled or tinned)

Boysenberry

Rhubarb

Strawberry

Asparagus

Brussel Sprouts

Cabbage

Capiscum

Carrot

Celery

Corchettes

Corn

Cucumber

French Beans

Green Peas

Lettuce, iceberg

Onions / Shallots

Potato

Swede

Turnip

Dried beans

Lentils

Lima beans

Soy beans

 

Buttermilk

Fresh Cottage cheese

Fresh ricotta cheese

Cream

Milk

Sour Cream

Soy Milk

Tofu

Yoghurt – plain or low amine fruit

 

GRAINS

SWEETS & SWEETENERS

FATS & OILS

CONDITIMENTS, SAUCES, SEASONINGS & SNACKS

BEVERAGES

Rice (white & brown)

Rice Bran

Rice cakes (plain)

Rice cereals

Rice Flour

Rice pasta

Soy Flour

Caramel

Carob

Golden Syrup

Honey

Maple Syrup

Molasses

Sugar

 

Herbs

Pepper

Spices

Plain Corn Chips

Plain Potato Crisps

Tacos

Carob

Coffee

Tea

Soy milk

Lemonade

Gin

Vodka

Whiskey